India to remain fastest-growing among major economies: World Bank Report

World Bank's Upgraded Growth Prediction

Good news for India's economy! The World Bank increased its growth prediction for this year (2024-25) from 6.4% to 6.6%. This means the economy is expected to grow faster than what they thought earlier. The World Bank says India will still be the fastest-growing major economy in the world, even though the growth might slow down a bit.

Factors Contributing to Growth

Their report mentions that strong government spending on projects (public investment), along with businesses investing their own money (private capex), and people spending more (private consumption) led them to raise the growth forecast. Factories and construction did better than expected, and service businesses also remained strong. This helped balance out the slower growth in farming, partly caused by the monsoon season.

Domestic Demand and Investment

Overall, the demand for goods and services within India (domestic demand) stayed healthy. More investment, especially in infrastructure projects, helped even though people's spending slowed down a bit as the initial rush after the pandemic eased.

Future Projections

For the year 2025-26, the World Bank has also increased its growth predictions for India from 6.5 percent to 6.7 percent. The World Bank report said, "India's economy is doing well because people in the country are spending more, investments are increasing, and services are performing strongly. It is expected to grow at an average rate of 6.7 percent per year from 2024 to 2026, making South Asia the fastest-growing region in the world."

Growth in Emerging Markets

The GDP per person in emerging markets and developing economies, including India, is expected to grow by about 3 percent on average over 2024-26. This is lower than the average growth of 2010-19. "Some large emerging markets, like India, are expected to continue seeing good growth in GDP per person," the report stated. The performance of countries that import commodities, excluding China, has been strong. "This is mainly due to the strength in some big economies, especially India, because of strong local demand. However, growth in other commodity-importing countries has been slower so far this year."

Past Growth Performance

According to official Indian government data, India's GDP grew by a significant 8.2 percent during the financial year 2023-24, keeping it as the fastest-growing major economy. India's economy grew by 7.2 percent in 2022-23 and 8.7 percent in 2021-22. 

In its latest monetary policy meeting, the Reserve Bank of India increased the GDP forecast for 2024-25 to 7.2 percent from the earlier prediction of 7 percent.

Other Forecasts from Financial Agencies

  • Morgan Stanley: Predicts India's economy will grow by 6.8 percent in 2024.
  • International Monetary Fund (IMF): Increased its growth forecast for India from 6.5 percent to 6.8 percent for 2024.
  • United Nations: Raised its forecast for India's economic growth in 2024 from 6.2 percent to 6.9 percent, driven by strong public investment and steady private spending.
  • Moody's Ratings: Expects India's economy to grow by 6.6 percent in the financial year 2024-25.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD): Predicts India will grow by 6.6 percent in the next two years.
  • Asian Development Bank (ADB): Increased its GDP growth forecast for India for the financial year 2024 from 6.7 percent to 7 percent.

Here's a table summarising the growth rate forecasts for the Indian economy from various financial agencies:

Financial Agency Forecast for 2024 (%) Forecast for 2025-26 (%)
Reserve Bank of India (RBI) 7.2 -
Morgan Stanley 6.8 -
International Monetary Fund (IMF) 6.8 -
United Nations 6.9 -
Moody's Ratings 6.6 -
OECD 6.6 6.6
Asian Development Bank (ADB) 7.0 -

Report Published by World Bank

The World Bank is a major global development institution established in July 1944, along with the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

The World Bank consists of five international financial institutions and publishes several key research reports, including:
  • World Development Report
  • Global Economic Prospects
  • Global Financial Development Report
  • Commodity Market Outlook
  • International Debt Statistics
Headquarters: Washington D.C., United States
President: Ajay Banga
Members: 189 countries


1. What is GDP and why is it important for the economy?

Ans. GDP, or Gross Domestic Product, measures the total value of all goods and services produced within a country in a specific period. It is a critical indicator of a country's economic health and growth. GDP growth indicates whether the economy is expanding or contracting, influencing employment, income levels, and overall living standards.

2. How do financial agencies forecast India's economic growth?

Ans. Financial agencies like Morgan Stanley, IMF, and others use economic models that consider factors such as government policies, consumer spending, investment trends, and global economic conditions. They analyze historical data and current trends to predict future economic performance.

3. Why are there variations in growth forecasts among different agencies?

Ans. Variations in growth forecasts can arise due to differences in methodologies, assumptions about future economic conditions, and the specific indicators each agency prioritizes. Economic forecasts are inherently uncertain and subject to revisions based on new data and changing circumstances.

4. What factors contribute to India being the fastest-growing major economy?

Ans. India's fast-paced economic growth is driven by strong domestic demand, robust private and public investment, a large and young workforce, ongoing economic reforms, and its position as a global hub for services. These factors collectively contribute to India's economic resilience and growth.

5. How does GDP growth impact everyday life?

Ans. GDP growth influences job creation, wage growth, inflation rates, and the overall standard of living. Higher GDP growth typically means more opportunities for employment, increased income levels, and improved public services, enhancing the quality of life for citizens.

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