Mata Bharmani Temple Bharmour, Chamba(H.P)

Himachal Pradesh, often referred to as Devbhoomi or the Land of Gods, is home to thousands of temples, each with its own unique significance and identity. Among these, the Bharmani Mata Temple in Bharmour, Chamba district, holds a special place in the hearts of devotees. This temple, dedicated to Mata Bharmani, is not just a religious site but a gateway to the revered Manimahesh Yatra and the Shiv Dham Chaurasi.

The Divine Precedence: Mata Bharmani's Blessing

Before embarking on a pilgrimage to the Chaurasi Temple or the Manimahesh Yatra, it is a customary and deeply rooted tradition to first visit the Bharmani Mata Temple. Legend has it that Mata Bharmani, believed to be the daughter of Lord Brahma, resided in Bharmour, which was then known as Brahmapur. Lord Shiva bestowed a boon upon Mata Bharmani that all pilgrims heading to Manimahesh for his darshan must first seek her blessings. Only then would their pilgrimage be considered complete and successful.

Patron Goddess of Bharmour

Mata Bharmani is revered as the family deity of the residents of Bharmour. Throughout the year, the temple witnesses a steady stream of devotees, with yagyas (sacrificial rituals) and bhandaras (community feasts) being organized regularly. The Bharmani Mata temple is situated at an elevation of 9000 feet above sea level, nestled on a ridge amidst dense woods. The temple offers a breathtaking view of the Budhal Valley, making it not only a spiritual haven but also a picturesque retreat.

Historical Significance and Beliefs

The history of the Bharmani Mata Temple dates back to the 6th century when the town of Bharmour was known as Brahmapura, named after Mata Bharmani. According to local beliefs, the temple's location was initially within the Chaurasi Temple complex. However, due to certain prohibitions, Mata Bharmani moved to a new site, 4 km away from the original location.

Manimahesh Yatra: A Journey of Faith

The Manimahesh Yatra is one of the most significant pilgrimages in Himachal Pradesh. Devotees throng the Bharmani Mata Temple throughout the year, but the influx reaches its peak during the Manimahesh Yatra. Pilgrims believe that their journey is incomplete without first paying obeisance at the temple of Mata Bharmani. The ritual involves taking a holy dip in the sacred pond at the temple before proceeding to Manimahesh. This act of devotion is said to purify the soul and ensure a successful pilgrimage.

The Chaurasi Campus and the 84 Siddhas

The Chaurasi Temple complex in Bharmour, also known as the Chaurasi Campus, is steeped in legends. It is believed that this area was once known as Brahampura and was home to the temple of Mata Bharmani. According to folklore, a group of eighty-four Siddhas (enlightened beings) was on a pilgrimage to Manimahesh. As night fell, they decided to rest at the Chaurasi Campus, unaware of the prohibition against men staying there overnight.

Mata Bharmani, enraged by their presence, was about to curse them when Lord Shankar (Shiva) intervened. Recognizing him, Mata Bharmani's anger subsided, and she sought his forgiveness. Lord Shankar then granted her a boon: henceforth, all pilgrims to Manimahesh must first visit her temple and bathe in the holy tank. Following this incident, Mata Bharmani relocated to Duga Saar, and the eighty-four Siddhas transformed into lingas, settling in Bharmour for eternity.

The Legend of Water Theft

An intriguing legend surrounds the holy water at Bharmani Mata Temple. It is believed that Goddess Brahmani stole the sacred water from Lord Sandhol Nag, who resided on the other side of the mountain. This stolen water now forms a holy pond below the Brahmani cave, measuring about 4 by 4 meters. Devotees take a ritualistic bath in this pond before continuing their pilgrimage to Manimahesh. The water from seven streams below the cave provides a crucial water supply to Bharmour, further cementing the temple's significance in the region.

According to temple priests, the water flowing from Mata Bharmani's feet is collected in a pond within the temple premises, and it is believed that bathing in this pond can cure many diseases. The cool water of the pond is also said to keep a person healthy, attracting long queues of devotees, especially during the Manimahesh Yatra.

The Temple Complex and Facilities

The Bharmani Mata Temple complex is well-equipped to cater to the needs of the pilgrims. The temple has rooms where devotees can rest, and stoves are provided for cooking. During the harsh winter months, especially from November when the snow begins to fall, the temple remains closed. Despite this, the temple offers a welcoming environment during other times, with priests making offerings and a 'Langar' service providing delicious food to all visitors.

The Enchanting Landscape

The landscape surrounding the temple is nothing short of a masterpiece painted by nature. The majestic mountains contribute to the aesthetic allure, and the panoramic view from Bharmani Mata Temple offers a breathtaking sight of beautiful Bharmour. The natural beauty of the region is further enhanced by the presence of apple orchards, cedar trees, walnut, apricot, and pear trees. The nearby village of Malkauta, with its ancient wooden houses, also attracts attention. These traditional houses have animals housed on the ground floor while the residents live on the first floor, maintaining a unique architectural style that has persisted through the ages.


The Bharmani Mata Temple is not just a place of worship; it is an integral part of the cultural and spiritual fabric of Bharmour. Its historical significance, combined with the legends and traditions associated with it, makes it a must-visit for devotees and tourists alike. As you stand amidst the serene surroundings of the temple, with the majestic Budhal Valley in the backdrop, you can't help but feel a deep sense of peace and connection to the divine. Whether you are embarking on the Manimahesh Yatra or simply seeking spiritual solace, a visit to the Bharmani Mata Temple promises an enriching and fulfilling experience.

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