Himachal Pradesh's National Parks and their Beauty


Himachal Pradesh, known as the "Land of Gods," is not just celebrated for its spiritual significance but also for its unspoiled natural wonders. The state boasts several national parks that showcase its ecological diversity and offer refuge to an array of wildlife species.

The Rich Biodiversity of Himachal Pradesh

The state of Himachal Pradesh boasts a diverse topography and varied elevations, resulting in an impressive array of flora and fauna. The region's national parks serve as a testament to its natural ingenuity, showcasing a spectrum of majestic oak and deodar trees, as well as rare snow leopards and the colorful Himalayan monal. 

Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP): 

The Great Himalayan National Park, situated in the Banjaar sub-division of Kullu district in Himachal Pradesh, stands as a renowned natural gem among the state's national parks. Its origins trace back to 1984, gaining official recognition as a National Park in 1999. Nestled in the extreme Western Himalayas, this park is a recent but vital addition to the network of Himalayan wildlife reserves.
In 2014, the Great Himalayan National Park was bestowed with the prestigious UNESCO World Heritage Site status, a well-deserved acknowledgement of its remarkable role in wildlife conservation.

Location: Situated in Banjaar sub-division, Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh.

Area: 1171 sq. km

  • Home to approximately 10,000 plant species
  • Showcases a wide variety of plant life
  • Features valuable medicinal herbs
  • Dotted with Deodar and Oak trees, enhancing the landscape.
  • 31 mammal species
  • 209 bird species
  • Various amphibians, reptiles, and insects
  • Notable species: Greater Blue Sheep, Indian Pika, Rhesus monkey, Himalayan Black Bear, Himalayan Brown Bear, Red Fox, Mongoose, Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher, Plum-headed Parakeet, Black-chinned Babbler, Crimson Sunbird, Grey-hooded Warbler 
  • UNESCO World Heritage Site status since 2014.
  • Recognized for exceptional wildlife preservation efforts.
Camping and Exploration:
  • Ideal destination for nature enthusiasts and trekkers
  • Provides camping opportunities amidst picturesque surroundings
  • Offers various trekking paths to explore the park's wonders

Pin Valley National Park 

The Pin Valley National Park represents a verdant hilly expanse located in the Himachal Pradesh region, nestled within the Lahaul and Spiti District. India designated this park on January 9, 1987, and it stretches to the south of Dhankar Gompa, closely abutting the Tibetan border. The elevation of Pin Valley National Park ranges from over 3,500 meters (11,500 feet) near Ka Dogri to beyond 6,000 meters (20,000 feet) at its highest pinnacle. It constitutes an integral part of the Cold Desert Biosphere Reserve in the Himalayan Region.


  • Situated in Himachal Pradesh, Lahaul and Spiti District
  • South of Dhankar Gompa, near the Tibetan border
Area:  675 sq. Km

  • Alpine trees
  • Himalayan Cedar
  • 22 rare and endangered plant species with therapeutic potential
  • Himalayan snow leopard, Siberian ibex, Himalayan Snowcock, Chukar Partridge, Snow Partridge,Snowfinch
  • Designated on January 9, 1987
  • Part of the Cold Desert Biosphere Reserve
  • Native habitat for endangered species
  • Diverse avian species during summer

Inderkilla National Park 

The Inderkilla National Park is in the Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh and was established in the year 2010. With the Kullu Manali Airport located at a distance of 46.1 kilometers from the park, it covers a huge area of 104 square kilometers (40 square miles) in the Himalayan region. Known for its thriving and diverse biodiversity, it is home to various native and foreign plant and animal species. The national park is densely forested and mountainous, making it a perfect habitat for numerous rare and endangered species of plants, animals, birds, and insects. You can explore the park's center via a short track to witness wildlife and flora in their natural habitat. The park, being one of the least visited in India, also houses plants with rich therapeutic potential.

  • Kullu, Himachal Pradesh 
  • 104 sq km
  • Diverse range of native and foreign plant species.
  • Lush vegetation due to the densely forested environment.
  • Home to numerous rare and endangered animal species.
  • Rich biodiversity, including various mammals, birds, insects, and more.
  • Himalayan brown bear, goral, various bird species, etc.
  • Endangered plant, animal, bird, and insect species

Khirganga National Park 

Located in Kullu, Himachal Pradesh, Khirganga National Park is a must-visit destination. Covering 710 square kilometers of land in the Parvati Watershed, the park is situated at an altitude of approximately 5,500 meters and is about 50.5 kilometers away from Kullu Manali Airport. Established in 2010, Khirganga National Park is renowned for its picturesque beauty and is considered one of the most stunning parks in the country.
A visit to this national park is an adventure in itself, offering mesmerizing landscapes, glossy green hills, dense green shrubs and trees, tall trees, and rustic old rest houses. The park is home to a diverse range of biological species, including wild bears. Combining your journey through Kheerganga Trek with a visit to this park is highly recommended. The ideal time to visit is from April to June or September to November, with October being an excellent month with less crowds and great weather. 
As one of the most popular national parks in Himachal Pradesh, a visit to Khirganga National Park should be added to your itinerary.

Location: Kullu district

Area: 710 sq. Km

  • Diverse native plants
  • Alpine wildflowers, coniferous trees, medicinal plants
  • Mammals including snow leopards, Himalayan black bears
  • Avian species like western tragopan, Himalayan Monal, diverse insects
  • Hot-water springs, wild bears 

Simbalbara National Park

The Simbalbara National Park, located in the Paonta Valley of the Sirmour District in Himachal Pradesh, is a protected area. Originally established as the Simbalbara Wildlife Sanctuary in 1958, it covers an area of 19.03 square kilometers. In 2010, it was transformed into a national park by including an additional 8.88 square kilometers, making it a total of 27.88 square kilometers in size.
Maintained in its natural state by the Himachal Pradesh Travel and Tourism Administration, Simbalbara National Park is a popular destination in Nahan. It is home to various migratory birds and wildlife, including Indian muntjac, Goral, Sambhar, Spotted Deer, Chittal, Himalayan Black Bear, and Hanuman Langurs. This natural area of the Shivaliks is made up of sal woods, green grasslands, and meandering streams. The best time to visit this national park is in October and November. The surrounding forested area has walking trails that visitors can enjoy.

Location: State Highway 6A, Dhaula Kuan, Himachal Pradesh

Area: 27.88 sq km

  • Dense Sal forests
  • Varied plant species in the park's ecosystem
  • Chital (spotted deer)
  • Sambhar (large deer)
  • Goral (mountain goat)
  • Abundant wildlife within the park's tranquil environment

Conservation Efforts and Challenges

Preserving the delicate ecosystems of Himachal Pradesh is a challenging task due to climate change and human activities. Collaborative efforts are ongoing to ensure the sustainability of the parks for future generations, including habitat restoration and community involvement.

The Role of Eco-Tourism

Eco-tourism plays a vital role in raising awareness about conservation. Responsible tourism practices, such as staying on designated trails and minimizing waste, can help preserve the natural beauty of these parks. Local communities also benefit from eco-tourism initiatives, contributing to their economic well-being.

Thank you for joining us on this journey to excel in the HPAS exam. We hope you found these insights valuable and empowering. Stay tuned for more interesting articles.

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